AXIS C8110 Network Audio Bridge

Solution overview

This manual describes how you make the device accessible to your audio system, and how to configure the device directly from its interface (for instance when you use the device without an audio or video management software).

If you are using an audio or video management software, you can use that software for configuring the device. The following management software are available for controlling your audio system:

Installation

Get started

Find the device on the network

To find Axis devices on the network and assign them IP addresses in Windows®, use AXIS IP Utility or AXIS Device Manager. Both applications are free and can be downloaded from axis.com/support.

For more information about how to find and assign IP addresses, go to How to assign an IP address and access your device.

Browser support

You can use the device with the following browsers:

ChromeTM

Firefox®

EdgeTM

Safari®

Windows®

recommended

recommended

macOS®

recommended

recommended

Linux®

recommended

recommended

Other operating systems

✓*

*To use AXIS OS web interface with iOS 15 or iPadOS 15, go to Settings > Safari > Advanced > Experimental Features and disable NSURLSession Websocket.

If you need more information about recommended browsers, go to AXIS OS Portal.

Access the device

  1. Open a browser and enter the IP address or host name of the Axis device.

  2. Enter the username and password. If you access the device for the first time, you must set the root password. See Set a new password for the root account.

Set a new password for the root account

Important

The default administrator username is root. If the password for root is lost, reset the device to factory default settings. See Reset to factory default settings

Support tip: Password security confirmation check
  1. Type a password. Follow the instructions about secure passwords. See Secure passwords.

  2. Retype the password to confirm the spelling.

  3. Click Save. The password has now been configured.

Secure passwords

Important

Axis devices send the initially set password in clear text over the network. To protect your device after the first login, set up a secure and encrypted HTTPS connection and then change the password.

The device password is the primary protection for your data and services. Axis devices do not impose a password policy as they may be used in various types of installations.

To protect your data we strongly recommend that you:

  • Use a password with at least 8 characters, preferably created by a password generator.

  • Don’t expose the password.

  • Change the password at a recurring interval, at least once a year.

Additional settings

Detect and record sound

One way to detect and record sound is to connect a microphone to the line-in connection on the audio bridge. For outdoor environments, you can use the AXIS TU1002-VE Microphone Kit.

Installing the bridge with AXIS TU1002-VE

Set up direct SIP (P2P)

Use peer-to-peer when the communication is between a few user agents within the same IP network and there is no need for extra features that a PBX-server could provide. To better understand how P2P works, see Peer-to-peer SIP (P2PSIP).

For more information about setting options, see SIP.

  1. Go to System > SIP > SIP settings and select Enable SIP.

  2. To allow the device to receive incoming calls, select Allow incoming calls.

  3. Under Call handling, set the timeout and duration for the call.

  4. Under Ports, enter the port numbers.

    • SIP port – The network port used for SIP communication. The signaling traffic through this port is non-encrypted. The default port number is 5060. Enter a different port number if required.

    • TLS port – The network port used for encrypted SIP communication. The signaling traffic through this port is encrypted with Transport Layer Security (TLS). The default port number is 5061. Enter a different port number if required.

    • RTP start port – Enter the port used for the first RTP media stream in a SIP call. The default start port for media transport is 4000. Some firewalls might block RTP traffic on certain port numbers. A port number must be between 1024 and 65535.

  5. Under NAT traversal, select the protocols you want to enable for NAT traversal.

  6. Note

    Use NAT traversal when the device is connected to the network from behind a NAT router or a firewall. For more information see NAT traversal.

  7. Under Audio, select at least one audio codec with the desired audio quality for SIP calls. Drag-and-drop to change the priority.

  8. Under Additional, select additional options.

    • UDP-to-TCP switching –  Select to allow calls to switch transport protocols from UDP (User Datagram Protocol) to TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) temporarily. The reason for switching is to avoid fragmentation, and the switch can take place if a request is within 200 bytes of the maximum transmission unit (MTU) or larger than 1300 bytes.

    • Allow via rewrite – Select to send the local IP address instead of the router's public IP address.

    • Allow contact rewrite – Select to send the local IP address instead of the router's public IP address.

    • Register with server every – Set how often you want the device to register with the SIP server for the existing SIP accounts.

    • DTMF payload type – Changes the default payload type for DTMF.

  9. Click Save.

Set up SIP through a server (PBX)

Use a PBX-server when the communication should be between an infinite number of user agents within and outside the IP network. Additional features could be added to the setup depending on the PBX-provider. To better understand how P2P works, see Private Branch Exchange (PBX).

For more information about setting options, see SIP.

  1. Request the following information from your PBX provider:

    • User ID

    • Domain

    • Password

    • Authentication ID

    • Caller ID

    • Registrar

    • RTP start port

  2. To add a new account, go to System > SIP > SIP accounts and click + Account.

  3. Enter the details you received from your PBX provider.

  4. Select Registered.

  5. Select a transport mode.

  6. Click Save.

  7. Set up the SIP settings the same way as for peer-to-peer. See Set up direct SIP (P2P) for more information.

Set up rules for events

You can create rules to make your device perform actions when certain events occur. A rule consists of conditions and actions. The conditions can be used to trigger the actions. For example, the device can play an audio clip according to a schedule or when it receives a call, or send an email if the device changes IP address.

To learn more, check out our guide Get started with rules for events.

Play audio when a camera detects motion

This example explains how to set up the audio device to play an audio clip when an Axis network camera detects motion.

  • Prerequisites
  • The Axis audio device and Axis network camera are located on the same network.

  • The motion detection application is configured and running in the camera.

  1. Prepare an audio clip link:

    1. Go to Audio > Audio clips.

    2. Click > Create link for an audio clip.

    3. Set the volume and number of times to repeat the clip.

    4. Click the copy icon to copy the link.

  2. Create an action rule:

    1. Go to System > Events > Recipients.

    2. Click + Add recipient.

    3. Type a name for the recipient, for example “Speaker”.

    4. Select HTTP from the Type drop-down list.

    5. Paste the configured link from the audio device in the URL field.

    6. Enter the user name and password of the audio device.

    7. Click Save.

    8. Go to Rules and click + Add a rule.

    9. Type a name for the action rule, for example "Play clip".

    10. From the Condition list, select a video motion detection alternative under Applications.

    11. Note

      If there are no options for video motion detection, then go to Apps, click AXIS Video Motion Detection and turn on motion detection.

    12. From the Action list, select Send notification through HTTP.

    13. Under Recipient, select your recipient.

    14. Click Save.

Stop audio with DTMF

  • This example explains how to:
  • Configure DTMF on a device.

  • Set up an event to stop the audio when a DTMF command is sent to the device.

  1. Go to System > SIP > SIP settings.

  2. Make sure Enable SIP is turned on.

    If you need to turn it on, remember to click Save afterwards.

  3. Go to SIP accounts.

  4. Next to the SIP account, click > Edit.

  5. Under DTMF, click + DTMF sequence.

  6. Under Sequence, enter "1".

  7. Under Description, enter "stop audio".

  8. Click Save.

  9. Go to System > Events > Rules and click + Add a rule.

  10. Under Name, enter "DTMF stop audio".

  11. Under Condition, select DTMF.

  12. Under DTMF Event ID, select stop audio.

  13. Under Action, select Stop playing audio clip.

  14. Click Save.

Set up audio for incoming SIP calls

You can set up a rule that plays an audio clip when you receive a SIP call.

You can also set up an additional rule that answers the SIP call automatically after the audio clip has ended. This can be useful in cases where an alarm operator wants to call the attention of someone near an audio device and establish a line of communication. This is done by making a SIP call to the audio device, which will play an audio clip to alert the persons near the audio device. When the audio clip has stopped playing, the SIP call is automatically answered by the audio device and communication between the alarm operator and the persons near the audio device can take place.

  1. Enable SIP settings:
  2. Go to the device interface of the speaker, by entering its IP address in a web browser.

  3. Go to System SIP > SIP settings and select Enable SIP.

  4. To allow the device to receive incoming calls, select Allow incoming calls.

  5. Click Save.

  6. Go to SIP accounts.

  7. Next to the SIP account, click > Edit.

  8. Uncheck Answer automatically.

  1. Play audio when a SIP call is received:
  2. Go to Settings > System > Events > Rules and add a rule.

  3. Type a name for the rule.

  4. In the list of conditions, select State.

  5. In the list of states, select Ringing.

  6. In the list of actions, select Play audio clip.

  7. In the list of clips, select the audio clip you want to play.

  8. Select how many times to repeat the audio clip. 0 means “play once”.

  9. Click Save.

  1. Answer the SIP call automatically after the audio clip has ended:
  2. Go to Settings > System > Events > Rules and add a rule.

  3. Type a name for the rule.

  4. In the list of conditions, select Audio clip playing.

  5. Check Use this condition as a trigger.

  6. Check Invert this condition.

  7. Click + Add a condition to add a second condition to the event.

  8. In the list of conditions, select State.

  9. In the list of states, select Ringing.

  10. In the list of actions, select Answer call.

  11. Click Save.

Learn more

Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)

The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is used to set up, maintain and terminate VoIP calls. You can make calls between two or more parties, called SIP user agents. To make a SIP call you can use, for example, SIP phones, softphones or SIP-enabled Axis devices.

The actual audio or video is exchanged between the SIP user agents with a transport protocol, for example RTP (Real-Time Transport Protocol).

You can make calls on local networks using a peer-to-peer setup, or across networks using a PBX.

Peer-to-peer SIP (P2PSIP)

The most basic type of SIP communication takes place directly between two or more SIP user agents. This is called peer-to-peer SIP (P2PSIP). If it takes place on a local network, all that’s needed are the SIP addresses of the user agents. A typical SIP address in this case would be sip:<local-ip>.

Example

You can set up a SIP-enabled phone to call an audio device on the same network using a peer-to-peer SIP setup.

Private Branch Exchange (PBX)

When you make SIP calls outside your local IP network, a Private Branch Exchange (PBX) can act as a central hub. The main component of a PBX is a SIP server, which is also referred to as a SIP proxy or a registrar. A PBX works like a traditional switchboard, showing the client's current status and allowing for example call transfers, voicemail, and redirections.

The PBX SIP server can be set up as a local entity or offsite. It can be hosted on an intranet or by a third party provider. When you make SIP calls between networks, calls are routed through a set of PBXs, that query the location of the SIP address to be reached.

Each SIP user agent registers with the PBX, and can then reach the others by dialing the correct extension. A typical SIP address in this case would be sip:<user>@<domain> or sip:<user>@<registrar-ip>. The SIP address is independent of its IP address and the PBX makes the device accessible as long as it is registered to the PBX.

Example

NAT traversal

Use NAT (Network Address Translation) traversal when the Axis device is located on an private network (LAN) and you want to access it from outside of that network.

Note

The router must support NAT traversal and UPnP®.

Each NAT traversal protocol can be used separately or in different combinations depending on the network environment.

  • ICE The ICE Interactive Connectivity Establishment) protocol increases the chances of finding the most efficient path to successful communication between peer devices. If you also enable STUN and TURN, you improve the ICE protocol’s chances.

  • STUN - STUN (Session Traversal Utilities for NAT) is a client-server network protocol that lets the Axis device determine if it is located behind a NAT or firewall, and if so obtain the mapped public IP address and port number allocated for connections to remote hosts. Enter the STUN server address, for example, an IP address.

  • TURN - TURN (Traversal Using Relays around NAT) is a protocol that lets a device behind a NAT router or firewall receive incoming data from other hosts over TCP or UDP. Enter TURN server address and the login information.

Applications

AXIS Camera Application Platform (ACAP) is an open platform that enables third parties to develop analytics and other applications for Axis products. To find out more about available applications, downloads, trials and licenses, go to axis.com/applications.

To find the user manuals for Axis applications, go to help.axis.com.

The device interface

To reach the device interface, enter the device’s IP address in a web browser.

Show or hide the main menu.

Access the product help.

Change the language.

Set light theme or dark theme.

The user menu contains:

  • Information about the user who is logged in.

  • Change user : Log out the current user and log in a new user.

  • Log out : Log out the current user.

The context menu contains:

  • Analytics data: Accept to share non-personal browser data.

  • Feedback: Share any feedback to help us improve your user experience.

  • Legal: View information about cookies and licenses.

  • About: View device information, including firmware version and serial number.

  • Legacy device interface: Change the device interface to the legacy device interface.

Status

NTP sync

Shows NTP synchronization information, including if the device is in sync with an NTP server and the time remaining until the next sync.

NTP settings: Click to go to the Date and time page where you can change the NTP settings.

Device info

Shows device information, including firmware version and serial number.

Upgrade firmware: Click to go to the Maintenance page where you can do a firmware upgrade.

Audio

Overview

Locate device: Click to play a sound that helps you identify the speaker. For some products, a LED will flash on the device.

Calibrate: Click to calibrate the speaker.

Launch AXIS Audio Manager Edge: Click to launch the application.

Device settings

Input: Turn on or off audio input. Shows the type of input.

Gain: Use the slider to change the gain. Click the microphone icon to mute or unmute.

Output: Shows the type of output.

Gain: Use the slider to change the gain. Click the speaker icon to mute or unmute.

Stream

Encoding: Select the encoding to use for the input source streaming. You can only choose encoding if audio input is turned on. If audio input is tuned off, click Enable audio input to turn it on.

Echo cancellation: Turn on to remove echoes during two-way communication.

Audio clips

Add clip: Click to add a new audio clip.

Click to play the audio clip.

Click to stop playing the audio clip.

The context menu contains:

  • Rename: Change the name of the audio clip.

  • Create link: Create a URL which, when used, plays the audio clip on the device. Specify the volume and number of times to play the clip.

  • Download: Download the audio clip to your computer.

  • Delete: Delete the audio clip from the device.

Listen and record

Click to listen.

Click to start a continuous recording of the live audio stream. Click again to stop the recording. If a recording is ongoing, it will resume automatically after a reboot.

Note

You can only listen and record if input is turned on for the device. Go to Audio > Device settings to make sure that input is turned on.

Click to show the storage that is configured for the device. To configure the storage you need to be logged in as an administrator.

Audio site security

CA certificate: Select the certificate to use when you add devices to the audio site when TLS authentication is enabled in AXIS Audio Manager Edge.

Save: Click to activate and save your selection.

Recordings

Click to filter the recordings.

From: Show recordings done after a certain point in time.

To: Show recordings up until a certain point in time.

Source: Show recordings based on source.

Event: Show recordings based on events.

Storage: Show recordings based on storage type.

Ongoing recordings: Show all ongoing recordings on the cameras.

Select to start a recording on the camera.

Choose which storage device to save to.

Select to stop a recording on the camera.

Triggered recordings will end both when manually stopped and when the camera is shut down.

Continuous recordings will continue until manually stopped. Even if the camera is shut down, the recording will continue when the camera starts up again.

Click to play the recording.

Click to stop the recording.

Click to show more information and options about the recording.

Set export range: If you only want to export part of the recording, enter from when to when.

Click to delete the recording.

Export: Click to export (part of) the recording.

Apps

Add app: Click to install a new app.

Find more apps: Click to go to an overview page of Axis apps.

The context menu contains:

  • App log: Click to view a log of the app events. The log is helpful when you contact support.

  • Activate license with a key: If the app requires a license, you need to activate it. Use this option if your device doesn’t have internet access.

    If you don’t have a license key, go to axis.com/applications. You need a license code and the Axis product serial number to generate a license key.

  • Activate license automatically: If the app requires a license, you need to activate it. Use this option if your device has internet access. You need a license code to activate the license.

  • Deactivate the license: Deactivate the license to use it in another device. If you deactivate the license, you also remove it from the device. To deactivate the license requires internet access.

  • Settings: Configure the parameters.

  • Delete: Delete the app permanently from the device. If you don’t deactivate the license first, it remains active.

Note

The device’s performance might be affected if you run several apps at the same time.

Start: Start or stop the app.

Open: Click to access the app’s settings. The available settings depend on the application. Some applications don’t have any settings.

System

Date and time

The time format depends on the web browser’s language settings.

Note

We recommend you to synchronize the device’s date and time with an NTP server.

Synchronization: Select an option for synchronizing the device’s date and time.

  • Automatic date and time (manual NTS KE servers): Synchronize with the secure NTP key establishment servers connected to the DHCP server.

    • Manual NTS KE servers: Enter the IP address of one or two NTP servers. When you use two NTP servers, the device synchronizes and adapts its time based on input from both.

  • Automatic date and time (NTP servers using DHCP): Synchronize with the NTP servers connected to the DHCP server.

    • Fallback NTP servers: Enter the IP address of one or two fallback servers.

  • Automatic date and time (manual NTP servers): Synchronize with NTP servers of your choice.

    • Manual NTP servers: Enter the IP address of one or two NTP servers. When you use two NTP servers, the device synchronizes and adapts its time based on input from both.

  • Custom date and time: Manually set the date and time. Click Get from system to fetch the date and time settings once from your computer or mobile device.

  • Time zone: Select which time zone to use. Time will be automatically adjusted for daylight saving time and standard time.
Note

The system uses the date and time settings in all recordings, logs and system settings.

Network

IPv4

Assign IPv4 automatically: Select to let the network router assign an IP address to the device automatically. We recommend automatic IP (DHCP) for most networks.

IP address: Enter a unique IP address for the device. Static IP addresses can be assigned at random within isolated networks, provided that each address is unique. To avoid conflicts, we recommend you to contact your network administrator before you assign a static IP address.

Subnet mask: Enter the subnet mask to define what addresses are inside the local area network. Any address outside the local area network goes through the router.

Router: Enter the IP address of the default router (gateway) used to connect devices that are attached to different networks and network segments.

IPv6

Assign IPv6 automatically: Select to turn on IPv6 and to let the network router assign an IP address to the device automatically.

Hostname

Assign hostname automatically: Select to let the network router assign a hostname to the device automatically.

Hostname: Enter the hostname manually to use as an alternative way of accessing the device. The Hostname is used in the server report and in the system log. Allowed characters are A–Z, a–z, 0–9 and -.

DNS servers

Assign DNS automatically: Select to let the network router assign search domains and DNS server addresses to the device automatically. We recommend automatic DNS (DHCP) for most networks.

Search domains: When you use a hostname that is not fully qualified, click Add search domain and enter a domain in which to search for the hostname used by the device.

DNS servers: Click Add DNS server and enter the IP address of the DNS server. This provides the translation of hostnames to IP addresses on your network.

HTTP and HTTPS

Allow access through: Select if a user is allowed to connect to the device through the HTTP, HTTPS, or both HTTP and HTTPS protocols.

HTTPS is a protocol that provides encryption for page requests from users and for the pages returned by the web server. The encrypted exchange of information is governed by the use of an HTTPS certificate, which guarantees the authenticity of the server.

To use HTTPS on the device, you must install an HTTPS certificate. Go to System > Security to create and install certificates.

Note

If you view encrypted web pages through HTTPS, you might experience a drop in performance, especially when you request a page for the first time.

HTTP port: Enter the HTTP port to use. Port 80 or any port in the range 1024-65535 are allowed. If you are logged in as an administrator, you can also enter any port in the range 1-1023. If you use a port in this range, you get a warning.

HTTPS port: Enter the HTTPS port to use. Port 443 or any port in the range 1024-65535 are allowed. If you are logged in as an administrator, you can also enter any port in the range 1-1023. If you use a port in this range, you get a warning.

Certificate: Select a certificate to enable HTTPS for the device.

Friendly name

Bonjour®: Turn on to allow automatic discovery on the network.

Bonjour name: Enter a friendly name to be visible on the network. The default name is the device name and MAC address.

Use UPnP®: Turn on to allow automatic discovery on the network.

UPnP name: Enter a friendly name to be visible on the network. The default name is the device name and MAC address.

One-click cloud connection

One-click cloud connection (O3C) together with an O3C service provides easy and secure internet access to live and recorded video from any location. For more information, see axis.com/end-to-end-solutions/hosted-services.

Allow O3C:

  • One-click: The default setting. Press and hold the control button on the device to connect to an O3C service over the internet. You need to register the device with the O3C service within 24 hours after you press the control button. Otherwise, the device disconnects from the O3C service. Once you have registered the device, Always is enabled and the device stays connected to the O3C service.

  • Always: The device constantly attempts to connect to an O3C service over the internet. Once you have registered the device, it stays connected to the O3C service. Use this option if the control button on the device is out of reach.

  • No: Disables the O3C service.

Proxy settings: If needed, enter the proxy settings to connect to the HTTP server.

Host: Enter the proxy server’s address.

Port: Enter the port number used for access.

Login and Password: If needed, enter username and password for the proxy server.

Authentication method:

  • Basic: This method is the most compatible authentication scheme for HTTP. It’s less secure than the Digest method because it sends the username and password unencrypted to the server.

  • Digest: This method is more secure because it always transfers the password encrypted across the network.

  • Auto: This option lets the device select the authentication method depending on the supported methods. It prioritizes the Digest method over the Basic method.

Owner authentication key (OAK): Click Get key to fetch the owner authentication key. This is only possible if the device is connected to the internet without a firewall or proxy.

SNMP

The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) allows remote management of network devices.

SNMP: Select the version of SNMP to use.

  • v1 and v2c:

    • Read community: Enter the community name that has read-only access to all supported SNMP objects. The default value is public.

    • Write community: Enter the community name that has read/write access to all supported SNMP objects (except read-only objects). The default value is write.

    • Activate traps: Turn on to activate trap reporting. The device uses traps to send messages for important events or status changes to a management system. In the device interface, you can set up traps for SNMP v1 and v2c. Traps are automatically turned off if you change to SNMP v3 or turn off SNMP. If you use SNMP v3, you can set up traps through the SNMP v3 management application.

    • Trap address: Enter the IP address or host name of the management server.

    • Trap community: Enter the community to use when the device sends a trap message to the management system.

    • Traps:

      • Cold start: Sends a trap message when the device starts.

      • Warm start: Sends a trap message when you change an SNMP setting.

      • Link up: Sends a trap message when a link changes from down to up.

      • Authentication failed: Sends a trap message when an authentication attempt fails.

Note

All Axis Video MIB traps are enabled when you turn on SNMP v1 and v2c traps. For more information, see AXIS OS Portal > SNMP.

  • v3: SNMP v3 is a more secure version, which provides encryption and secure passwords. To use SNMP v3, we recommend you to activate HTTPS, as the password is then sent through HTTPS. This also prevents unauthorized parties to access unencrypted SNMP v1 and v2c traps. If you use SNMP v3, you can set up traps through the SNMP v3 management application.

    • Password for the account “initial”: Enter the SNMP password for the account named “initial”. Although the password can be sent without activating HTTPS, we don’t recommend it. The SNMP v3 password can only be set once, and preferably only when HTTPS is enabled. Once the password is set, the password field is no longer displayed. To set the password again, you must reset the device to factory default settings.

Connected clients

The list shows all clients that are connected to the device.

Update: Click to refresh the list.

Security

Certificates

Certificates are used to authenticate devices on a network. The device supports two types of certificates:

  • Client/server certificates

    A client/server certificate validates the device’s identity, and can be self-signed or issued by a Certificate Authority (CA). A self-signed certificate offers limited protection and can be used before a CA-issued certificate has been obtained.

  • CA certificates

    You can use a CA certificate to authenticate a peer certificate, for example to validate the identity of an authentication server when the device connects to a network protected by IEEE 802.1X. The device has several pre-installed CA certificates.

These formats are supported:

  • Certificate formats: .PEM, .CER, and .PFX

  • Private key formats: PKCS#1 and PKCS#12

Important

If you reset the device to factory default, all certificates are deleted. Any pre-installed CA certificates are reinstalled.

Filter the certificates in the list.

Add certificate : Click to add a certificate.

The context menu contains:

  • Certificate information: View an installed certificate’s properties.

  • Delete certificate: Delete the certificate.

  • Create certificate signing request: Create a certificate signing request to send to a registration authority to apply for a digital identity certificate.

IEEE 802.1x

IEEE 802.1x is an IEEE standard for port-based network admission control providing secure authentication of wired and wireless network devices. IEEE 802.1x is based on EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol).

To access a network protected by IEEE 802.1x, network devices must authenticate themselves. The authentication is performed by an authentication server, typically a RADIUS server (for example FreeRADIUS and Microsoft Internet Authentication Server).

Certificates

When configured without a CA certificate, server certificate validation is disabled and the device tries to authenticate itself regardless of what network it is connected to.

When using a certificate, in Axis' implementation, the device and the authentication server authenticate themselves with digital certificates using EAP-TLS (Extensible Authentication Protocol - Transport Layer Security).

To allow the device to access a network protected through certificates, a signed client certificate must be installed on the device.

Client certificate: Select a client certificate to use IEEE 802.1x. The authentication server uses the certificate to validate the client’s identity.

CA certificate: Select a CA certificate to validate the authentication server’s identity. When no certificate is selected, the device tries to authenticate itself regardless of what network it is connected to.

EAP identity: Enter the user identity associated with the client certificate.

EAPOL version: Select the EAPOL version that is used in the network switch.

Use IEEE 802.1x: Select to use the IEEE 802.1x protocol.

Prevent brute-force attacks

Blocking: Turn on to block brute-force attacks. A brute-force attack uses trial-and-error to guess login info or encryption keys.

Blocking period: Enter the number of seconds to block a brute-force attack.

Blocking conditions: Enter the number of authentication failures allowed per second before the block starts. You can set the number of failures allowed both on page level and device level.

IP address filter

Use filter: Select to filter which IP addresses that are allowed to access the device.

Policy: Choose whether to Allow access or Deny access for certain IP addresses.

Addresses: Enter the IP numbers that are either allowed or denied access to the device. You can also use the CIDR format.

Custom-signed firmware certificate

To install test firmware or other custom firmware from Axis on the device, you need a custom-signed firmware certificate. The certificate verifies that the firmware is approved by both the device owner and Axis. The firmware can only run on a specific device which is identified by its unique serial number and chip ID. Custom-signed firmware certificates can only be created by Axis, since Axis holds the key to sign them.

Click Install to install the certificate. You need to install the certificate before you install the firmware.

Users

Add user: Click to add a new user. You can add up to 100 users.

Username: Enter a unique username.

New password: Enter a password for the user. Passwords must be 1 to 64 characters long. Only ASCII printable characters (code 32 to 126) are allowed in the password, for example letters, numbers, punctuation, and some symbols.

Repeat password: Enter the same password again.

Role:

  • Administrator: Has full access to all settings. Administrators can also add, update, and remove other users.

  • Operator: Has access to all settings except:

    • All System settings.

    • Adding apps.

  • Viewer: Doesn’t have access to change any settings.

The context menu contains:

Update user: Edit the user’s properties.

Delete user: Delete the user. You can’t delete the root user.

Anonymous users

Allow anonymous viewers: Turn on to allow anyone to access the device as a viewer without having to log in with a user account.

Allow anonymous PTZ operators: Turn on to allow anonymous users to pan, tilt, and zoom the image.

Events

Rules

A rule defines the conditions that must be met for the product to perform an action. The list shows all the currently configured rules in the product.

Note

You can create up to 256 action rules.

Add a rule: Click to create a rule.

Name: Enter a name for the rule.

Wait between actions: Enter the minimum time (hh:mm:ss) that must pass between rule activations. It is useful if the rule is activated by for example day-night mode conditions, to avoid that small light changes during sunrise and sunset activate the rule repeatedly.

Condition: Select a condition from the list. A condition must be met for the device to perform an action. If multiple conditions are defined, all of them must be met to trigger the action. For information about specific conditions, see Get started with rules for events.

Use this condition as a trigger: Select to make this first condition function only as a starting trigger. It means that once the rule is activated it remains active for as long as all the other conditions are met, no matter the state of the first condition. If you don’t select this option, the rule will simply be active whenever all the conditions are met.

Invert this condition: Select if you want the condition to be the opposite of your selection.

Add a condition: Click to add an additional condition.

Action: Select an action from the list and enter its required information. For information about specific actions, see Get started with rules for events.

Your product may have some of the following pre-configured rules:

Front-facing LED Activation: LiveStream: When the microphone is turned on and a live stream is received, then the front-facing LED on the audio device will turn green.

Front-facing LED Activation: Recording : When the microphone is turned on and a recording is ongoing, then the front-facing LED on the audio device will turn green.

Front-facing LED Activation: SIP : When the microphone is turned on and a SIP call is active, then the front-facing LED on the audio device will turn green. SIP must be enabled on the audio device before this event can be triggered.

Pre-announcement tone: Play tone on incoming call: When a SIP call is made to the audio device, then a pre-defined audio clip is played. SIP must be enabled for the audio device. For the SIP caller to hear a ring tone while the audio clip is played, the SIP account for the audio device must be configured to not answer the call automatically.

Pre-announcement tone: Answer call after incoming call-tone: When the audio clip has ended, the incoming SIP-call is answered. SIP must be enabled for the audio device.

Loud ringer : When a SIP call is made to the audio device, a pre-defined audio clip is played as long as the rule is active. SIP must be enabled for the audio device.

Recipients

You can set up your device to notify recipients about events or send files. The list shows all the recipients currently configured in the product, along with information about their configuration.

Note

You can create up to 20 recipients.

Add a recipient: Click to add a recipient.

Name: Enter a name for the recipient.

Type: Select from the list:

  • FTP

    • Host: Enter the server's IP address or hostname. If you enter a hostname, make sure that a DNS server is specified under System > Network > IPv4 and IPv6.

    • Port: Enter the port number used by the FTP server. The default is 21.

    • Folder: Enter the path to the directory where you want to store files. If this directory doesn’t already exist on the FTP server, you will get an error message when uploading files.

    • Username: Enter the username for the login.

    • Password: Enter the password for the login.

    • Use temporary file name: Select to upload files with temporary, automatically generated filenames. The files get renamed to the desired names when the upload completes. If the upload is aborted/interrupted, you don’t get any corrupt files. However, you probably still get the temporary files. This way you know that all files that have the desired name, are correct.

    • Use passive FTP: Under normal circumstances the product simply requests the target FTP server to open the data connection. The device actively initiates both the FTP control and data connections to the target server. This is normally needed if there is a firewall between the device and the target FTP server.

  • HTTP

    • URL: Enter the network address to the HTTP server and the script that will handle the request. For example: http://192.168.254.10/cgi-bin/notify.cgi.

    • Username: Enter the username for the login.

    • Password: Enter the password for the login.

    • Proxy: Turn on and enter the required information if a proxy server must be passed to connect to the HTTP server.

  • HTTPS

    • URL: Enter the network address to the HTTPS server and the script that will handle the request. For example: https://192.168.254.10/cgi-bin/notify.cgi.

    • Validate server certificate: Select to validate the certificate that was created by HTTPS server.

    • Username: Enter the username for the login.

    • Password: Enter the password for the login.

    • Proxy: Turn on and enter the required information if a proxy server must be passed to connect to the HTTPS server.

  • Network storage

    You can add network storage such as a NAS (Network Attached Storage) and use it as a recipient to store files. The files are stored in the Matroska (MKV) file format.

    • Host: Enter the IP address or hostname for the network storage.

    • Share: Enter the name of the share on the host.

    • Folder: Enter the path to the directory where you want to store files.

    • Username: Enter the username for the login.

    • Password: Enter the password for the login.

  • SFTP

    • Host: Enter the server's IP address or hostname. If you enter a hostname, make sure that a DNS server is specified under System > Network > IPv4 and IPv6.

    • Port: Enter the port number used by the SFTP server. The default is 22.

    • Folder: Enter the path to the directory where you want to store files. If this directory doesn’t already exist on the SFTP server, you will get an error message when uploading files.

    • Username: Enter the username for the login.

    • Password: Enter the password for the login.

    • SSH host public key type (MD5): Enter the fingerprint of the remote host’s public key (a 32-digit hexadecimal string). The SFTP client supports SFTP servers using SSH-2 with RSA, DSA, ECDSA, and ED25519 host key types. RSA is the preferred method during negotiation, followed by ECDSA, ED25519, and DSA. Make sure to enter the right MD5 host key that is used by your SFTP server. While the Axis device supports both MD5 and SHA-256 hash keys, we recommend using SHA-256 due to stronger security over MD5. For more information on how to configure an SFTP server with an Axis device, go to the AXIS OS Portal.

    • SSH host public key type (SHA256): Enter the fingerprint of the remote host’s public key (a 43-digit Base64 encoded string). The SFTP client supports SFTP servers using SSH-2 with RSA, DSA, ECDSA, and ED25519 host key types. RSA is the preferred method during negotiation, followed by ECDSA, ED25519, and DSA. Make sure to enter the right MD5 host key that is used by your SFTP server. While the Axis device supports both MD5 and SHA-256 hash keys, we recommend using SHA-256 due to stronger security over MD5. For more information on how to configure an SFTP server with an Axis device, go to the AXIS OS Portal.

    • Use temporary file name: Select to upload files with temporary, automatically generated filenames. The files get renamed to the desired names when the upload completes. If the upload is aborted/interrupted, you don’t get any corrupt files. However, you probably still get the temporary files. This way you know that all files that have the desired name, are correct.

  • SIP:

    • From SIP account: Select from the list.

    • To SIP address: Enter the SIP address.

  • Email

    • Send email to: Enter the email address to send emails to. To enter multiple addresses, use commas to separate them.

    • Send email from: Enter the email address of the sending server.

    • Username: Enter the username for the mail server. Leave this field empty if the mail server does not require authentication.

    • Password: Enter the password for the mail server. Leave this field empty if the mail server does not require authentication.

    • Email server (SMTP): Enter the name of the SMTP server, for example smtp.gmail.com, smtp.mail.yahoo.com.

    • Port: Enter the port number for the SMTP server, using values in the range 0-65535. The default value is 587.

    • Encryption: To use encryption, select either SSL or TLS.

    • Validate server certificate: If you use encryption, select to validate the identity of the device. The certificate can be self-signed or issued by a Certificate Authority (CA).

    • POP authentication: Turn on to enter the name of the POP server, for example pop.gmail.com.

    • Note

      Some email providers have security filters that prevent users from receiving or viewing large amount of attachments, from receiving scheduled emails and similar. Check the email provider's security policy to avoid your email account being locked or missing out on your expected emails.

  • TCP

    • Host: Enter the server's IP address or hostname. If you enter a hostname, make sure that a DNS server is specified under System > Network > IPv4 and IPv6.

    • Port: Enter the port number used to access the server.

Test: Click to test the setup.

The context menu contains:

View recipient: Click to view all the recipient details.

Copy recipient: Click to copy a recipient. When you copy, you can make changes to the new recipient.

Delete recipient: Click to delete the recipient permanently.

Schedules

Schedules and pulses can be used as conditions in rules. The list shows all the schedules and pulses currently configured in the product, along with information about their configuration.

Add schedule: Click to create a schedule or pulse.

Manual trigger

The manual trigger is used to manually trigger a rule. The manual trigger can for example be used to validate actions during product installation and configuration.

MQTT

MQTT (Message Queuing Telemetry Transport) is a standard messaging protocol for the Internet of Things (IoT). It was designed for simplified IoT integration and is used in a wide variety of industries to connect remote devices with a small code footprint and minimal network bandwidth. The MQTT client in Axis device firmware can simplify integration of data and events produced in the device to systems which are not video management systems (VMS).

Set up the device as an MQTT client. MQTT communication is based on two entities, the clients and the broker. The clients can send and receive messages. The broker is responsible for routing messages between clients.

You can learn more about MQTT in AXIS OS Portal.

MQTT client

Connect: Turn on or off the MQTT client.

Status: Shows the current status of the MQTT client.

Broker

Host: Enter the hostname or IP address of the MQTT server.

Protocol: Select which protocol to use.

Port: Enter the port number.

  • 1883 is the default value for MQTT over TCP

  • 8883 is the default value for MQTT over SSL

  • 80 is the default value for MQTT over WebSocket

  • 443 is the default value for MQTT over WebSocket Secure

Username: Enter the username that the client will use to access the server.

Password: Enter a password for the username.

Client ID: Enter a client ID. The client identifier is sent to the server when the client connects to it.

Clean session: Controls the behavior at connection and disconnection time. When selected, the state information is discarded at connect and disconnect.

Keep alive interval: The keep alive interval enables the client to detect when the server is no longer available without having to wait for the long TCP/IP timeout.

Timeout: The time interval in seconds to allow a connect to complete. Default value: 60

Device topic prefix: Used in the default values for the topic in the connect message and LWT message on the MQTT client tab, and in the publication conditions on the MQTT publication tab.

Reconnect automatically: Specifies whether the client should reconnect automatically after a disconnect.

Connect message

Specifies if a message should be sent out when a connection is established.

Send message: Turn on to send messages.

Use default: Turn off to enter your own default message.

Topic: Enter the topic for the default message.

Payload: Enter the content for the default message.

Retain: Select to keep the state of client on this Topic

QoS: Change the QoS layer for the packet flow.

Last Will and Testament message

The Last Will Testament (LWT) lets a client provide a testament along with its credentials when connecting to the broker. If the client disconnects ungracefully at some point later (maybe because his power source died), it can let the broker deliver a message to other clients. This LWT message has the same form as an ordinary message and gets routed via the same mechanics.

Send message: Turn on to send messages.

Use default: Turn off to enter your own default message.

Topic: Enter the topic for the default message.

Payload: Enter the content for the default message.

Retain: Select to keep the state of client on this Topic

QoS: Change the QoS layer for the packet flow.

MQTT publication

Use default topic prefix: Select to use the default topic prefix, that is defined in the device topic prefix in the MQTT client tab.

Include topic name: Select to include the topic that describes the condition in the MQTT topic.

Include topic namespaces: Select to include ONVIF topic namespaces in the MQTT topic.

Include serial number: Select to include the device’s serial number in the MQTT payload.

Add condition: Click to add a condition.

Retain: Defines which MQTT messages are sent as retained.

  • None: Send all messages as non-retained.

  • Property: Send only stateful messages as retained.

  • All: Send both stateful and stateless messages as retained.

QoS: Select the desired level for the MQTT publication.

MQTT subscriptions

Add subscription: Click to add a new MQTT subscription.

Subscription filter: Enter the MQTT topic that you want to subscribe to.

Use device topic prefix: Add the subscription filter as prefix to the MQTT topic.

Subscription type:

  • Stateless: Select to convert MQTT messages into a stateless message.

  • Stateful: Select to convert MQTT messages into a condition. The payload is used as the state.

QoS: Select the desired level for the MQTT subscription.

SIP

SIP settings

Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is used for interactive communication sessions between users. The sessions can include audio and video.

Enable SIP: Check this option to make it possible to initiate and receive SIP calls.

Allow incoming calls: Check this option to allow incoming calls from other SIP devices.

  • Call handling
  • Call timeout: Set the maximum time a call can last before it ends if there is no answer (max 10 min).

  • Incoming call duration: Set the maximum time an incoming call can last (max 10 min).

  • End calls after: Set the maximum time that a call can last (max 60 min). Select Infinite call duration if you don’t want to limit the length of a call.

  • Ports
  • A port number must be between 1024 and 65535.
  • SIP port: The network port used for SIP communication. The signaling traffic through this port is non-encrypted. The default port number is 5060. Enter a different port number if required.

  • TLS port: The network port used for encrypted SIP communication. The signaling traffic through this port is encrypted with Transport Layer Security (TLS). The default port number is 5061. Enter a different port number if required.

  • RTP start port: The network port used for the first RTP media stream in a SIP call. The default start port number is 4000. Some firewalls block RTP traffic on certain port numbers.

  • NAT traversal
  • Use NAT (Network Address Translation) traversal when the device is located on an private network (LAN) and you want to make it available from outside of that network.
  • Note

    For NAT traversal to work, the router must support it. The router must also support UPnP®.

  • Each NAT traversal protocol can be used separately or in different combinations depending on the network environment.
  • ICE: The ICE (Interactive Connectivity Establishment) protocol increases the chances of finding the most efficient path to successful communication between peer devices. If you also enable STUN and TURN, you improve the ICE protocol’s chances.

  • STUN: STUN (Session Traversal Utilities for NAT) is a client-server network protocol that lets the device determine if it is located behind a NAT or firewall, and if so obtain the mapped public IP address and port number allocated for connections to remote hosts. Enter the STUN server address, for example, an IP address.

  • TURN: TURN (Traversal Using Relays around NAT) is a protocol that lets a device behind a NAT router or firewall receive incoming data from other hosts over TCP or UDP. Enter the TURN server address and the login information.

  • Audio
  • Audio codec priority: Select at least one audio codec with the desired audio quality for SIP calls. Drag-and-drop to change the priority.

  • Note

    The selected codecs must match the call recipient codec, since the recipient codec is decisive when a call is made.

  • Audio direction: Select allowed audio directions.

  • Additional
  • UDP-to-TCP switching: Select to allow calls to switch transport protocols from UDP (User Datagram Protocol) to TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) temporarily. The reason for switching is to avoid fragmentation, and the switch can take place if a request is within 200 bytes of the maximum transmission unit (MTU) or larger than 1300 bytes.

  • Allow via rewrite: Select to send the local IP address instead of the router's public IP address.

  • Allow contact rewrite: Select to send the local IP address instead of the router's public IP address.

  • Register with server every: Set how often you want the device to register with the SIP server for the existing SIP accounts.

  • DTMF payload type: Changes the default payload type for DTMF.

SIP accounts

All current SIP accounts are listed under SIP accounts. For registered accounts, the colored circle lets you know the status.

  • The account is successfully registered with the SIP server.
  • There is a problem with the account. Possible reasons can be authorization failure, that the account credentials are wrong, or that the SIP server can’t find the account.

The peer to peer (default) account is an automatically created account. You can delete it if you create at least one other account and set that account as default. The default account is always used when a VAPIX® Application Programming Interface (API) call is made without specifying which SIP account to call from.

  • Account: Click to create a new SIP account.
  • Active: Select to be able to use the account.

  • Make default: Select to make this the default account. There must be a default account, and there can only be one default account.

  • Name: Enter a descriptive name. This can, for example, be a first and last name, a role, or a location. The name is not unique.

  • User ID: Enter the unique extension or phone number assigned to the device.

  • Peer-to-peer: Use for direct calls to another SIP device on the local network.

  • Registered: Use for calls to SIP devices outside the local network, through a SIP server.

  • Domain: If available, enter the public domain name. It will be shown as part of the SIP address when calling other accounts.

  • Password: Enter the password associated with the SIP account for authenticating against the SIP server.

  • Authentication ID: Enter the authentication ID used for authenticating against the SIP server. If it is the same as the user ID, you don’t need to enter the authentication ID.

  • Caller ID: The name which is presented to the recipient of calls from the device.

  • Registrar: Enter the IP address for the registrar.

  • Transport mode: Select the SIP transport mode for the account: UPD, TCP, or TLS. When you select TLS, you get the option to use media encryption.

  • Media encryption (only with transport mode TLS): Select the type of encryption for media (audio and video) in SIP calls.

  • Certificate (only with transport mode TLS): Select a certificate.

  • Verify server certificate (only with transport mode TLS): Check to verify the server certificate.

  • Secondary SIP server: Turn on if you want the device to try to register on a secondary SIP server if registration on the primary SIP server fails.

  • Answer automatically: Select to automatically answer an incoming call.

  • SIP secure: Select to use Secure Session Initiation Protocol (SIPS). SIPS uses the TLS transport mode to encrypt traffic.

  • Proxies

    • Proxy: Click to add a proxy.

    • Prioritize: If you have added two or more proxies, click to prioritize them.

    • Server address: Enter the IP address of the SIP proxy server.

    • Username: If required, enter the username for the SIP proxy server.

    • Password: If required, enter the password for the SIP proxy server.

  • Video

    • View area: Select the view area to use for video calls. If you select none, the native view is used.

    • Resolution: Select the resolution to use for video calls. The resolution affects the required bandwidth.

    • Frame rate: Select the number of frames per second for video calls. The frame rate affects the required bandwidth.

    • H.264 profile: Select the profile to use for video calls.

  • DTMF

    • Use RTP (RFC2833): Select to allow dual-tone multifrequency (DTMF) signaling, other tone signals and telephony events in RTP packets.

    • Use SIP INFO (RFC2976): Select to include the INFO method to the SIP protocol. The INFO method adds optional application layer information, generally related to the session.

    • DTMF sequence: Click to add an action rule triggered by touch-tone. You must activate the action rule in the Events tab.

    • Sequence: Enter the characters to trigger the action rule. Allowed characters: 0–9, A-D, #, and *.

    • Description: Enter a description of the action to be triggered.

SIP test call

SIP account: Select which account to make the test call from.

SIP address: Enter a SIP address and click to make a test call and verify that the account works.

Storage

Network storage

Add network storage: Click to add a network share where you can save recordings.

  • Address: Enter the IP address or host name of the host server, typically a NAS (Network Attached Storage). We recommend you to configure the host to use a fixed IP address (not DHCP since a dynamic IP address can change) or that you use DNS. Windows SMB/CIFS names are not supported.

  • Network share: Enter the name of the shared location on the host server. Several Axis devices can use the same network share, since each device gets its own folder.

  • User: If the server requires a login, enter the username. To log in to a specific domain server, type DOMAIN\username.

  • Password: If the server requires a login, enter the password.

  • SMB version: Select the SMB storage protocol version to connect to the NAS. If you select Auto, the device tries to negotiate one of the secure versions SMB: 3.02, 3.0, or 2.1. Select 1.0 or 2.0 to connect to older NAS that don’t support higher versions. You can read more about SMB support in Axis devices here.

  • Add share even if connection test fails: Select to add the network share even if an error is discovered during the connection test. The error can be, for example, that you didn’t enter a password even though the server requires one.

Remove network storage: Click to remove the connection to the network share. This removes all settings for the network share.

Write protect: Turn on to stop writing to the network share and protect recordings from being removed. You can’t format a write-protected network share.

Ignore: Turn on to stop storing recordings on the network share.

Retention time: Select how long to keep recordings, to limit the amount of old recordings or to comply with regulations regarding data storage. If the network storage becomes full, old recordings are removed before the selected time period has passed.

Tools

  • Test connection: Test the connection to the network share.

  • Format: Format the network share, for example when you need to quickly erase all data. cifs is the available file system option.

  • Click Use tool to activate the selected tool.

Onboard storage

Important

Risk of data loss and corrupted recordings. Do not remove the SD card while the device is running. Unmount the SD card before you remove it.

Unmount: Click to safely remove the SD card.

Write protect: Turn on to stop writing to the SD card and protect recordings from being removed. You can’t format a write-protected SD card.

Autoformat: Turn on to automatically format a newly inserted SD card. It formats the file system into ext4.

Ignore: Turn on to stop storing recordings on the SD card. When you ignore the SD card, the device no longer recognizes that the card exists. The setting is only available for administrators.

Retention time: Select how long to keep recordings, to limit the amount of old recordings or to comply with regulations regarding data storage. If the SD card becomes full, old recordings are removed before the selected time period has passed.

Tools

  • Check: Check for errors on the SD card. This only works for the ext4 file system.

  • Repair: Repair errors in the ext4 file system. To repair an SD card with the VFAT file system, eject the SD card, insert it in a computer and perform a disk repair.

  • Format: Format the SD card, for example when you need to change the file system or quickly erase all data. VFAT and ext4 are the two available file system options. The recommended format is ext4, due to its resilience against data loss if the card is ejected or if there is an abrupt power loss. However, you need a third-party ext4 driver or application to access the file system from Windows®.

  • Encrypt: Use this tool to format the SD card and enable encryption. Encrypt deletes all data stored on the SD card. After using Encrypt data that’s stored on the SD card is protected using encryption.

  • Decrypt: Use this tool to format the SD card without encryption. Decrypt deletes all data stored on the SD card. After using Decrypt data that’s stored on the SD card is not protected using encryption.

  • Change password: Change the password required to encrypt the SD card.

  • Click Use tool to activate the selected tool.

Wear trigger: Set a value for the SD card wear level at which you want to trigger an action. The wear level ranges from 0–200%. A new SD card that has never been used has a wear level of 0%. A wear level of 100% indicates that the SD card is close to its expected lifetime. When the wear-level reaches 200% there is a high risk of the SD card malfunctioning. We recommend setting the wear trigger between 80–90%. This gives you time to download any recordings as well as replace the SD card in time before it potentially wears out. The wear trigger allows you to set up an event and get a notification when the wear level reaches your set value.

ONVIF

ONVIF users

ONVIF (Open Network Video Interface Forum) is a global interface standard that makes it easier for end-users, integrators, consultants, and manufacturers to take advantage of the possibilities offered by network video technology. ONVIF enables interoperability between different vendor products, increased flexibility, reduced cost and future-proof systems.

Add user: Click to add a new ONVIF user.

Username: Enter a unique username.

New password: Enter a password for the user. Passwords must be 1 to 64 characters long. Only ASCII printable characters (code 32 to 126) are allowed in the password, for example letters, numbers, punctuation, and some symbols.

Repeat password: Enter the same password again

Role:

  • Administrator: Has full access to all settings. Administrators can also add, update, and remove other users.

  • Operator: Has access to all settings except:

    • All System settings.

    • Adding apps.

  • Media user: Allows access to the video stream only.

The context menu contains:

Update user: Edit the user’s properties.

Delete user: Delete the user. You can’t delete the root user.

By creating an ONVIF user, you automatically enable ONVIF communication. Use the username and password for all ONVIF communication with the device. For more information see the Axis Developer Community at axis.com.

ONVIF media profiles

An ONVIF media profile consists of a set of configurations that you can use to change media stream settings.

Add media profile: Click to add a new ONVIF media profile.

profile_x: Click a profile to edit.

Detectors

Audio detection

These settings are available for each audio input.

Sound level: Adjust the sound level to a value from 0–100, where 0 is the most sensitive and 100 the least sensitive. Use the activity indicator as a guide when you set the sound level. When you create events, you can use the sound level as a condition. You can choose to trigger an action if the sound level rises above, falls below or passes the set value.

Accessories

I/O ports

Use digital input to connect external devices that can toggle between an open and closed circuit, for example PIR sensors, door or window contacts, and glass break detectors.

Use digital output to connect external devices such as relays and LEDs. You can activate connected devices through the VAPIX® Application Programming Interface or in the device interface.

Port

Name: Edit the text to rename the port.

Direction: indicates that the port is an input port. indicates that it’s an output port. If the port is configurable, you can click the icons to change between input and output.

Normal state: Click open circuit, and for closed circuit.

Current state: Shows the current state of the port. The input or output is activated when the current state is different from the normal state. An input on the device has an open circuit when it’s disconnected or when there is a voltage above 1 V DC.

Note

During restart the output circuit is open. When the restart is complete, the circuit goes back to the normal position. If you change any settings on this page, the output circuits go back to their normal positions regardless of any active triggers.

Supervised: Turn on to make it possible to detect and trigger actions if someone tampers with the connection to digital I/O devices. In addition to detecting if an input is open or closed, you can also detect if someone has tampered with it (that is, cut or shorted). To supervise the connection requires additional hardware (end-of-line resistors) in the external I/O loop.

Logs

Reports and logs

Reports

  • View the device server report: Click to show information about the product status in a pop-up window. The Access Log is automatically included in the Server Report.

  • Download the device server report: Click to download the server report. It creates a .zip file that contains a complete server report text file in UTF–8 format, as well as a snapshot of the current live view image. Always include the server report .zip file when you contact support.

  • Download the crash report: Click to download an archive with detailed information about the server's status. The crash report contains information that is in the server report as well as detailed debug information. This report might contain sensitive information such as network traces. It can take several minutes to generate the report.

Logs

  • View the system log: Click to show information about system events such as device startup, warnings and critical messages.

  • View the access log: Click to show all failed attempts to access the device, for example when a wrong login password is used.

Network trace

Important

A network trace file might contain sensitive information, for example certificates or passwords.

A network trace file can help you troubleshoot problems by recording activity on the network. Select the duration of the trace in seconds or minutes, and click Download.

Remote system log

Syslog is a standard for message logging. It allows separation of the software that generates messages, the system that stores them, and the software that reports and analyzes them. Each message is labeled with a facility code, which indicates the software type generating the message, and assigned a severity level.

Server: Click to add a new server.

Host: Enter the hostname or IP address of the server.

Format: Select which syslog message format to use.

    • RFC 3164

    • RFC 5424

    Protocol: Select the protocol and port to use:

    • UDP (Default port is 514)

    • TCP (Default port is 601)

    • TLS (Default port is 6514)

    Severity: Select which messages to send when triggered.

    CA certificate set: See the current settings or add a certificate.

    Plain config

    Plain config is for advanced users with experience of Axis device configuration. Most parameters can be set and edited from this page.

    Maintenance

    Restart: Restart the device. This does not affect any of the current settings. Running applications restart automatically.

    Restore: Return most settings to the factory default values. Afterwards you must reconfigure the device and apps, reinstall any apps that didn’t come preinstalled, and recreate any events and PTZ presets.

    Important

    The only settings saved after restore are:

    • Boot protocol (DHCP or static)
    • Static IP address
    • Default router
    • Subnet mask
    • 802.1X settings
    • O3C settings

    Factory default: Return all settings to the factory default values. Afterwards you must reset the IP address to make the device accessible.

    Note

    All Axis device firmware is digitally signed to ensure that you only install verified firmware on your device. This further increases the overall minimum cybersecurity level of Axis devices. For more information, see the white paper “Signed firmware, secure boot, and security of private keys” at axis.com.

    Firmware upgrade: Upgrade to a new firmware version. New firmware releases can contain improved functionality, bug fixes, and completely new features. We recommend you to always use the latest release. To download the latest release, go to axis.com/support.

    • When you upgrade, you can choose between three options:
    • Standard upgrade: Upgrade to the new firmware version.

    • Factory default: Upgrade and return all settings to the factory default values. When you choose this option, you can’t revert to the previous firmware version after the upgrade.

    • Autorollback: Upgrade and confirm the upgrade within the set time. If you don’t confirm, the device reverts to the previous firmware version.

    Firmware rollback: Revert to the previously installed firmware version.

    Troubleshooting

    Reset to factory default settings

    Important

    Reset to factory default should be used with caution. A reset to factory default resets all settings, including the IP address, to the factory default values.

    To reset the product to the factory default settings:

    1. Disconnect power from the product.

    2. Press and hold the control button while reconnecting power. See Product overview.

    3. Keep the control button pressed for 10 seconds until the status LED indicator turns amber for the second time.

    4. Release the control button. The process is complete when the status LED indicator turns green. The product has been reset to the factory default settings. If no DHCP server is available on the network, the default IP address is 192.168.0.90.

    5. Use the installation and management software tools, assign an IP address, set the password, and access the product.

    You can also reset parameters to factory default through the device’s webpage. Go to Maintenance > Factory default and click Default.

    Check the current firmware version

    Firmware is the software that determines the functionality of network devices. When you troubleshoot a problem, we recommend you to start by checking the current firmware version. The latest firmware version might contain a correction that fixes your particular problem.

    To check the current firmware:

    1. Go to the device interface > Status.

    2. See the firmware version under Device info.

    Upgrade the firmware

    Important

    Preconfigured and customized settings are saved when you upgrade the firmware (provided that the features are available in the new firmware) although this is not guaranteed by Axis Communications AB.

    Important

    Make sure the device remains connected to the power source throughout the upgrade process.

    Note

    When you upgrade the device with the latest firmware in the active track, the product receives the latest functionality available. Always read the upgrade instructions and release notes available with each new release before you upgrade the firmware. To find the latest firmware and the release notes, go to axis.com/support/firmware.

    1. Download the firmware file to your computer, available free of charge at axis.com/support/firmware.

    2. Log in to the device as an administrator.

    3. Go to Maintenance > Firmware upgrade and click Upgrade.

    4. When the upgrade has finished, the product restarts automatically.

    Technical issues, clues and solutions

    If you can’t find what you’re looking for here, try the troubleshooting section at axis.com/support.

    Problems upgrading the firmware

    Firmware upgrade failure

    If the firmware upgrade fails, the device reloads the previous firmware. The most common reason is that the wrong firmware file has been uploaded. Check that the name of the firmware file corresponds to your device and try again.

    Problems setting the IP address

    The device is located on a different subnet

    If the IP address intended for the device and the IP address of the computer used to access the device are located on different subnets, you cannot set the IP address. Contact your network administrator to obtain an IP address.

    The IP address is being used by another device

    Disconnect the Axis device from the network. Run the ping command (in a Command/DOS window, type ping and the IP address of the device):

    • If you receive: Reply from <IP address>: bytes=32; time=10... this means that the IP address may already be in use by another device on the network. Obtain a new IP address from the network administrator and reinstall the device.

    • If you receive: Request timed out, this means that the IP address is available for use with the Axis device. Check all cabling and reinstall the device.

    Possible IP address conflict with another device on the same subnet

    The static IP address in the Axis device is used before the DHCP server sets a dynamic address. This means that if the same default static IP address is also used by another device, there may be problems accessing the device.

    The device cannot be accessed from a browser

    Cannot log in

    When HTTPS is enabled, ensure that the correct protocol (HTTP or HTTPS) is used when attempting to log in. You may need to manually type http or https in the browser’s address field.

    If the password for the user root is lost, the device must be reset to the factory default settings. See Reset to factory default settings.

    The IP address has been changed by DHCP

    IP addresses obtained from a DHCP server are dynamic and may change. If the IP address has been changed, use AXIS IP Utility or AXIS Device Manager to locate the device on the network. Identify the device using its model or serial number, or by the DNS name (if the name has been configured).

    The device is accessible locally but not externally

    To access the device externally, we recommend using one of the following applications for Windows®:

    • AXIS Camera Station: 30-day trial version free of charge, ideal for small to mid-size systems.

    For instructions and download, go to axis.com/vms.

    Problems with sound files

    Can’t upload media clip

    • The following audio clip formats are supported:
    • au file format, encoded in µ-law and sampled with 8 or 16 kHz.

    • wav file format, encoded in PCM audio. It supports encoding as 8 or 16-bit mono or stereo and sample rate of 8 to 48 kHz.

    • mp3 file format, in mono or stereo with bitrate of 64 kbps to 320 kbps and sample rate of 8 to 48 kHz.

    Media clips are played with different volumes

    A sound file is recorded with a certain gain. If your audio clips have been created with different gains, they will be played with a different loudness. Make sure that you use clips that have the same gain.

    Specifications

    Product overview

      1. Power connector (DC)
      2. Network connector
      3. SD memory card slot
      4. Status LED indicator
      5. Control button
      6. RCA connector
      7. Audio-in connector
      8. I/O connector

      LED Indicators

      Status LEDIndication
      UnlitUnlit for normal operation.
      Green

      Steady green for normal operation.

      AmberSteady during startup and when restoring settings.
      RedSlow flash for failed upgrade.
      Red/Green

      Flashes red/green fast when identifying an audio device is selected.

      SD card slot

      NOTICE
      • Risk of damage to SD card. Do not use sharp tools, metal objects, or excessive force when inserting or removing the SD card. Use your fingers to insert and remove the card.
      • Risk of data loss and corrupted recordings. Do not remove the SD card while the product is running. Unmount the SD card from the product’s webpage before removal.

      For SD card recommendations, see axis.com.

      microSD, microSDHC, and microSDXC Logos are trademarks of SD-3C LLC. microSD, microSDHC, microSDXC are trademarks or registered trademarks of SD-3C, LLC in the United States, other countries or both.

      Buttons

      Control button

      • The control button is used for:
      • Calibrating the speaker test. Press and release the control button and a test tone is played.

      • Resetting the product to factory default settings. See Reset to factory default settings.

      Connectors

      Network connector

      RJ45 Ethernet connector with Power over Ethernet (PoE).

      NOTICE

      The product shall be connected using a shielded network cable (STP). All cables connecting the product to the network shall be intended for their specific use. Make sure that the network devices are installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. For information about regulatory requirements, see the Installation Guide at www.axis.com.

      I/O connector

      Use the I/O connector with external devices in combination with, for example, motion detection, event triggering, and alarm notifications. In addition to the 0 V DC reference point and power (DC output), the I/O connector provides the interface to:

      Digital input –
      For connecting devices that can toggle between an open and closed circuit, for example PIR sensors, door/window contacts, and glass break detectors.
      Digital output –
      For connecting external devices such as relays and LEDs. Connected devices can be activated by the VAPIX® Application Programming Interface, through an event or from the product’s webpage.

      4-pin terminal block

      FunctionPinNotesSpecifications
      DC ground10 V DC
      DC output2Can be used to power auxiliary equipment.
      Note: This pin can only be used as power out.
      12 V DC
      Max load = 50 mA
      Configurable (Input or Output)3–4Digital input – Connect to pin 1 to activate, or leave floating (unconnected) to deactivate.0 to max 30 V DC
      Digital output – Internally connected to pin 1 (DC ground) when active, and floating (unconnected) when inactive. If used with an inductive load, e.g., a relay, connect a diode in parallel with the load, to protect against voltage transients.0 to max 30 V DC, open drain, 100 mA
      Example
      1. DC ground
      2. DC output 12 V, max 50mA
      3. I/O configured as input
      4. I/O configured as output

      RCA connector

      1 White connector

      2 Red connector

      Audio output

      Audio out (left)

      Audio out (right)

      API commands

      VAPIX® is Axis’ own open API (Application Programming Interface). You can control almost all functionality available in Axis devices through VAPIX®. To get access to the complete VAPIX® documentation, join Axis Developer Community at axis.com/developer-community

      Enter the commands in a web browser, and replace <deviceIP> with the IP address or host name of your device.

      Important

      The API commands execute immediately. If you restore or reset your device all settings will be lost. For example action rules.

      Example

      Restart the device

      Request
      http://<deviceIP>/axis-cgi/restart.cgi
      Example

      Restore the device. The request returns most settings to default values, but keeps the IP number.

      Request
      http://<deviceIP>/axis-cgi/factorydefault.cgi
      Example

      Reset the device. The request returns all settings including IP number to default values.

      Request
      http://<deviceIP>/axis-cgi/hardfactorydefault.cgi
      Example

      See a list of all device parameters.

      Request
      http://<deviceIP>/axis-cgi/param.cgi?action=list
      Example

      Get a debug archive

      Request
      http://<deviceIP>/axis-cgi/debug/debug.tgz
      Example

      Get a server report

      Request
      http://<deviceIP>/axis-cgi/serverreport.cgi
      Example

      Capture a network trace of 300 seconds

      Request
      http://<deviceIP>/axis-cgi/debug/debug.tgz?cmd=pcapdump&duration=300
      Example

      Enable FTP

      Request
      http://<deviceIP>/axis-cgi/param.cgi?action=update&Network.FTP.Enabled=yes
      Example

      Disable FTP

      Request
      http://<deviceIP>/axis-cgi/param.cgi?action=update&Network.FTP.Enabled=no
      Example

      Enable SSH

      Request
      http://<deviceIP>/axis-cgi/param.cgi?action=update&Network.SSH.Enabled=yes
      Example

      Disable SSH

      Request
      http://<deviceIP>/axis-cgi/param.cgi?action=update&Network.SSH.Enabled=no