ExCam XF Q1645


Preview mode

Preview mode is ideal for installers when fine tuning the camera view during the installation. No login is required to access the camera view in preview mode. It is available only in factory defaulted state for a limited time from powering up the device.

This video demonstrates how to use preview mode.

Get started

Find the device on the network

To find Axis devices on the network and assign them IP addresses in Windows®, use AXIS IP Utility or AXIS Device Manager. Both applications are free and can be downloaded from axis.com/support.

For more information about how to find and assign IP addresses, go to How to assign an IP address and access your device.

Browser support

You can use the device with the following browsers:














Other operating systems


*To use AXIS OS web interface with iOS 15 or iPadOS 15, go to Settings > Safari > Advanced > Experimental Features and disable NSURLSession Websocket.

If you need more information about recommended browsers, go to AXIS OS Portal.

Open the device's web interface

  1. Open a browser and type the IP address or host name of the Axis device.

    If you do not know the IP address, use AXIS IP Utility or AXIS Device Manager to find the device on the network.

  2. Type the username and password. If you access the device for the first time, you must create an administrator account. See Create an administrator account.

For descriptions of all the controls and options you might encounter in the device’s web interface, see .

Create an administrator account

The first time you log in to your device, you must create an administrator account.

  1. Enter a username.

  2. Enter a password. See Secure passwords.

  3. Re-enter the password.

  4. Accept the license agreement.

  5. Click Add account.


The device has no default account. If you lose the password for your administrator account, you must reset the device. See Reset to factory default settings.

Secure passwords


Axis devices send the initially set password in clear text over the network. To protect your device after the first login, set up a secure and encrypted HTTPS connection and then change the password.

The device password is the primary protection for your data and services. Axis devices do not impose a password policy as they may be used in various types of installations.

To protect your data we strongly recommend that you:

  • Use a password with at least 8 characters, preferably created by a password generator.

  • Don’t expose the password.

  • Change the password at a recurring interval, at least once a year.

Web interface overview

This video gives you an overview of the device’s web interface.

Axis device web interface

Configure your device

Basic settings

Set the capture mode

  1. Go to Video > Installation > Capture mode.

  2. Click Change.

  3. Select a capture mode and click Save and restart.

    See also Capture modes.

Set the power line frequency

  1. Go to Video > Installation > Power line frequency.

  2. Click Change.

  3. Select a power line frequency and click Save and restart.

Set the orientation

  1. Go to Video > Installation > Rotate.

  2. Select 0 , 90, 180 or 270 degrees.

    See also Monitor long and narrow areas.

Replace the lens

  1. Stop all recordings and disconnect power from the device.

  2. Disconnect the lens cable and remove the standard lens.

  3. Attach the new lens and connect the lens cable.

  4. Reconnect the power.

  5. Log in to the device’s web interface and go to Video > Image > Exposure.

  6. Select the P-Iris lens you have installed.

  7. Note

    If you use a DC iris, manual iris or optional i-CS lens there is no need to select a lens driver.

  8. For the changes to take effect, you need to restart the device. Go to Maintenance and click Restart.

  9. Adjust the zoom and focus.

  10. Note

    For a lens with P-Iris, DC-iris, or manual iris, manually adjust the focus on the lens before you fine-tune the focus through the web interface.

Adjust the image

This section includes instructions about configuring your device. If you want to learn more about how certain features work, go to Learn more.

Level the camera

  1. To adjust the view in relation to a reference area or an object, use the level grid in combination with a mechanical adjustment of the camera.
  2. Go to Video > Image > and click .

  3. Click to show the level grid.

  4. Adjust the camera mechanically until the position of the reference area or the object is aligned with the level grid.

Adjust the zoom and focus

  1. To adjust the zoom:
  2. Go to Video > Installation and adjust the zoom slider.

  1. To adjust the focus:
  2. Click to show the autofocus area.

  3. Adjust the autofocus area to cover the part of the image that you want to be in focus.

    If you don’t select an autofocus area, the camera focuses on the entire scene. We recommend that you focus on a static object.

  4. Click Autofocus.

  5. To fine tune the focus, adjust the focus slider.

Select scene profile

A scene profile is a set of predefined image appearance settings including color level, brightness, sharpness, contrast and local contrast. Scene profiles are preconfigured in the product for quick setup to a specific scenario, for example Forensic which is optimized for surveillance conditions. For a description of each available setting, see .

You can select a scene profile during the initial setup of the camera. You can also select or change scene profile later.

  1. Go to Video > Image > Appearance.

  2. Go to Scene profile and select a profile.

Select exposure mode

To improve image quality for specific surveillance scenes, use exposure modes. Exposure modes lets you control aperture, shutter speed, and gain. Go to Video > Image > Exposure and select between the following exposure modes:

  • For most use cases, select Automatic exposure.

  • For environments with certain artificial lighting, for example fluorescent lighting, select Flicker-free.

    Select the same frequency as the power line frequency.

  • For environments with certain artificial light and bright light, for example outdoors with fluorescent lighting at night and sun during daytime, select Flicker-reduced.

    Select the same frequency as the power line frequency.

  • To lock the current exposure settings, select Hold current.

Benefit from IR light in low-light conditions by using night mode

Your camera uses visible light to deliver color images during the day. But as the visible light diminishes, color images become less bright and clear. If you switch to night mode when this happens, the camera uses both visible and near-infrared light to deliver bright and detailed black-and-white images instead. You can set the camera to switch to night mode automatically.

  1. Go to Video > Image > Day-night mode, and make sure that the IR-cut filter is set to Auto.

Reduce noise in low-light conditions

To reduce noise in low-light conditions, you can adjust one or more of the following settings:

  • Adjust the trade-off between noise and motion blur. Go to Video > Image > Exposure and move the Blur-noise trade-off slider toward Low noise.

  • Set the exposure mode to automatic.

  • Note

    A high max shutter value can result in motion blur.

  • To slow down the shutter speed, set max shutter to the highest possible value.

  • Note

    When you reduce the max gain, the image can become darker.

  • Set the max gain to a lower value.

  • If possible, move the slider under Aperture toward Open.

  • Reduce sharpness in the image, under Video > Image > Appearance.

Reduce motion blur in low-light conditions

  • To reduce motion blur in low-light conditions, adjust one or more of the following settings in Video > Image > Exposure:
  • Move the Blur-noise trade-off slider toward Low motion blur.

  • Note

    When you increase the gain, image noise also increases.

  • Set Max shutter to a shorter time, and Max gain to a higher value.

  • If you still have problems with motion blur:
  • Increase the light level in the scene.

  • Mount the camera so that objects move toward it or away from it rather than sideways.

Maximize the details in an image


If you maximize the details in an image, the bitrate will probably increase and you might get a reduced frame rate.

  • Make sure to select the capture mode that has the highest resolution.

  • Go to Video > Stream > General and set the compression as low as possible.

  • Below the live view image, click and in Video format, select MJPEG.

  • Go to Video > Stream > Zipstream and select Off.

Handle scenes with strong backlight

Dynamic range is the difference in light levels in an image. In some cases the difference between the darkest and the brightest areas can be significant. The result is often an image where either the dark or the bright areas are visible. Wide dynamic range (WDR) makes both dark and bright areas of the image visible.

Image without WDR.
Image with WDR.
  • WDR can cause artifacts in the image.
  • WDR may not be available for all capture modes.
  1. Go to Video > Image > Wide dynamic range.

  2. Turn on WDR.

  3. Use the Local contrast slider to adjust the amount of WDR.

  4. If you still have problems, go to Exposure and adjust the Exposure zone to cover the area of interest.

Find out more about WDR and how to use it at axis.com/web-articles/wdr.

Stabilize a shaky image with image stabilization

Image stabilization is suitable in environments where the product is mounted in an exposed location where vibrations can occur, for example, due to wind or passing traffic.

The feature makes the image smoother, steadier, and less blurry. It also reduces the file size of the compressed image and lowers the bitrate of the video stream.


When you turn on image stabilization, the image is slightly cropped, which lowers the maximum resolution.

  1. Go to Video > Installation > Image correction.

  2. Turn on Image stabilization.

Compensate for barrel distortion

Barrel distortion is a phenomenon where straight lines appear increasingly bent closer to the edges of the frame. A wide field of view often creates barrel distortion in an image. Barrel distortion correction compensates for this distortion.


Barrel distortion correction affects the image resolution and field of view.

  1. Go to Video > Installation > Image correction.

  2. Turn on Barrel distortion correction (BDC).

Monitor long and narrow areas

Use corridor format to better utilize the full field of view in a long and narrow area, for example a staircase, hallway, road, or tunnel.

  1. Depending on your device, turn the camera or the 3-axis lens in the camera 90° or 270°.

  2. If the device doesn’t have automatic rotation of the view, go to Video > Installation.

  3. Rotate the view 90° or 270°.

Verify the pixel resolution

To verify that a defined part of the image contains enough pixels to, for example, recognize the face of a person, you can use the pixel counter.

  1. Go to Video > Image and click .

  2. Click for Pixel counter.

  3. In the camera’s live view, adjust the size and position of the rectangle around the area of interest, for example where you expect faces to appear.

    You can see the number of pixels for each of the rectangle’s sides, and decide if the values are enough for your needs.

Hide parts of the image with privacy masks

You can create one or several privacy masks to hide parts of the image.

  1. Go to Video > Privacy masks.

  2. Click .

  3. Click the new mask and type a name.

  4. Adjust the size and placement of the privacy mask according to your needs.

  5. To change the color for all privacy masks, click Privacy masks and select a color.

See also Privacy masks

Show an image overlay

You can add an image as an overlay in the video stream.

  1. Go to Video > Overlays.

  2. Select Image and click .

  3. Click Images.

  4. Drag and drop an image.

  5. Click Upload.

  6. Click Manage overlay.

  7. Select the image and a position. You can also drag the overlay image in the live view to change the position.

Show a text overlay

You can add a text field as an overlay in the video stream. This is useful for example when you want to display the date, time or a company name in the video stream.

  1. Go to Video > Overlays.

  2. Select Text and click .

  3. Type the text you want to display in the video stream.

  4. Select a position. You can also drag the overlay text field in the live view to change the position.

Add street names and compass direction to the image


The street name and compass direction will be visible on all video streams and recordings.

  1. Go to Apps.

  2. Select axis-orientationaid.

  3. Click Open.

  4. To add a street name, click Add text and modify the text to fit the street.

  5. To add a compass, click Add compass and modify the compass to fit the image.

Adjust the camera view (PTZ)

  1. Go to PTZ > Limits.

  2. Set the limits as needed.

Create a guard tour with preset positions

A guard tour displays the video stream from different preset positions either in a predetermined or random order, and for configurable periods of time.

  1. Go to PTZ > Guard tours.

  2. Click Guard tour.

  3. Select Preset position and click Create.

  4. Under General settings:

    • Enter a name for the guard tour and specify the pause length between each tour.

    • If you want the guard tour to go to the preset positions in a random order, turn on Play guard tour in random order.

  5. Under Step settings:

    • Set the duration for the preset.

    • Set the move speed, which controls how fast to move to the next preset.

  6. Go to Preset positions.

    1. Select the preset positions that you want in your guard tour.

    2. Drag them to the View order area, and click Done.

  7. To schedule the guard tour, go to System > Events.

View and record video

This section includes instructions about configuring your device. To learn more about how streaming and storage works, go to Streaming and storage.

Reduce bandwidth and storage


Reducing the bandwidth can lead to loss of detail in the image.

  1. Go to Video > Stream.

  2. Click in the live view.

  3. Select Video format H.264.

  4. Go to Video > Stream > General and increase Compression.

  5. Go to Video > Stream > Zipstream and do one or more of the following:

    • Select the Zipstream Strength that you want to use.

    • Turn on Optimize for storage. This can only be used if the video management software supports B-frames.

    • Turn on Dynamic FPS.

    • Turn on Dynamic GOP and set a high Upper limit GOP length value.

Set up network storage

  1. To store recordings on the network, you need to set up your network storage.
  2. Go to System > Storage.

  3. Click Add network storage under Network storage.

  4. Type the IP address of the host server.

  5. Type the name of the shared location on the host server under Network share.

  6. Type the username and password.

  7. Select the SMB version or leave it on Auto.

  8. Select Add share without testing if you experience temporary connection issues, or if the share is not yet configured.

  9. Click Add.

Record and watch video

  1. Record video directly from the camera
  2. Go to Video > Image.

  3. To start a recording, click .

    If you haven’t set up any storage, click and . For instructions on how to set up network storage, see Set up network storage

  4. To stop recording, click again.

  1. Watch video
  2. Go to Recordings.

  3. Click for your recording in the list.

Set up rules for events

You can create rules to make your device perform an action when certain events occur. A rule consists of conditions and actions. The conditions can be used to trigger the actions. For example, the device can start a recording or send an email when it detects motion, or show an overlay text while the device is recording.

To learn more, check out our guide Get started with rules for events.

Trigger an action

  1. Go to System > Events and add a rule. The rule defines when the device will perform certain actions. You can set up rules as scheduled, recurring, or manually triggered.

  2. Enter a Name.

  3. Select the Condition that must be met to trigger the action. If you specify more than one condition for the rule, all of the conditions must be met to trigger the action.

  4. Select which Action the device should perform when the conditions are met.


If you make changes to an active rule, the rule must be turned on again for the changes to take effect.

Record video when the camera detects an object

This example explains how to set up the camera to start recording to the SD card when the camera detects an object. The recording will include five seconds before detection and one minute after detection ends.

Before you start:

  • Make sure you have an SD card installed.

  1. Start the application if it is not already running.

  2. Make sure you have set up the application according to your needs.

  1. Create a rule:
  2. Go to System > Events and add a rule.

  3. Type a name for the rule.

  4. In the list of actions, under Recordings, select Record video while the rule is active.

  5. In the list of storage options, select SD_DISK.

  6. Select a camera and a stream profile.

  7. Set the prebuffer time to 5 seconds.

  8. Set the postbuffer time to 1 minute.

  9. Click Save.

Show a text overlay in the video stream when the device detects an object

This example explains how to display the text “Motion detected” when the device detects an object.

  1. Start the application if it is not already running.

  2. Make sure you have set up the application according to your needs.

  1. Add the overlay text:
  2. Go to Video > Overlays.

  3. Under Overlays, select Text and click .

  4. Enter #D in the text field.

  5. Choose text size and appearance.

  6. To position the text overlay, click and select an option.

  1. Create a rule:
  2. Go to System > Events and add a rule.

  3. Type a name for the rule.

  4. In the list of actions, under Overlay text, select Use overlay text.

  5. Select a video channel.

  6. In Text, type “Motion detected”.

  7. Set the duration.

  8. Click Save.

Record video when the camera detects loud noises

This example explains how to set up the camera to start recording to the SD card five seconds before it detects loud noise and to stop two minutes after.


The following instructions require that a microphone is connected to audio-in.

  1. Turn on audio:
  2. Set up the stream profile to include audio, see Add audio to your recording.

  1. Turn on audio detection:
  2. Go to System > Detectors > Audio detection.

  3. Adjust the sound level according to your needs.

  1. Create a rule:
  2. Go to System > Events and add a rule.

  3. Type a name for the rule.

  4. In the list of conditions, under Audio, select Audio Detection.

  5. In the list of actions, under Recordings, select Record video.

  6. In the list of storage options, select SD_DISK.

  7. Select the stream profile where audio has been turned on.

  8. Set the prebuffer time to 5 seconds.

  9. Set the postbuffer time to 2 minutes.

  10. Click Save.

Record video when the camera detects impact

Shock detection allows the camera to detect tampering caused by vibrations or shock. Vibrations due to the environment or to an object can trigger an action depending on the shock sensitivity range, which can be set from 0 to 100. In this scenario, someone is throwing rocks at the camera after hours and you would like to get a video clip of the event.

  1. Turn on shock detection:
  2. Go to System > Detectors > Shock detection.

  3. Turn on shock detection, and adjust the shock sensitivity.

  4. Create a rule:
  5. Go to System > Events > Rules and add a rule.

  6. Type a name for the rule.

  7. In the list of conditions, under Device status, select Shock detected.

  8. Click + to add a second condition.

  9. In the list of conditions, under Scheduled and recurring, select Schedule.

  10. In the list of schedules, select After hours .

  11. In the list of actions, under Recordings, select Record video while the rule is active.

  12. Select where to save the recordings.

  13. Select a Camera.

  14. Set the prebuffer time to 5 seconds.

  15. Set the postbuffer time to 50 seconds.

  16. Click Save.

Send an email automatically if someone spray paints the lens

  1. Activate the tampering detection:
  2. Go to System > Detectors > Camera tampering.

  3. Set a value for Trigger delay. The value indicates the time that must pass before an email is sent.

  4. Turn on Trigger on dark images to detect if the lens is sprayed, covered, or rendered severely out of focus.

  5. Add an email recipient:
  6. Go to System > Events > Recipients and add a recipient.

  7. Type a name for the recipient.

  8. Select Email.

  9. Type an email address to send the email to.

  10. The camera doesn’t have it’s own email server, so it has to log into another email server to send mails. Fill in the rest of the information according to your email provider.

  11. To send a test email, click Test.

  12. Click Save.

  13. Create a rule:
  14. Go to System > Events > Rules and add a rule.

  15. Type a name for the rule.

  16. In the list of conditions, under Video, select Tampering.

  17. In the list of actions, under Notifications, select Send notification to email and then select the recipient from the list.

  18. Type a subject and a message for the email.

  19. Click Save.


Add audio to your recording

  1. Turn on audio:
  2. Go to Video > Stream > Audio and include audio.

  3. If the device has more than one input source, select the correct one in Source.

  4. Go to Audio > Device settings and turn on the correct input source.

  5. If you make any changes to the input source, click Apply changes.

  6. Edit the stream profile that is used for the recording:
  7. Go to System > Stream profiles and select the stream profile.

  8. Select Include audio and turn it on.

  9. Click Save.

Learn more

Choose lens

There is more than one lens option for your camera. Which lens to choose depends on the surveillance requirements. The lenses have different capabilities when it comes to light sensitivity and field of view. See the product’s datasheet for lens alternatives.

Depth of field and sensor size

The depth of field depends on the lens aperture, the size of the image sensor and the distance to the scene. The lower the f-number and larger the sensor, the shallower depth of field. Due to the large sensor, the depth of field is more shallow in this particular product than in traditional surveillance cameras. Depth of field becomes shallower in dark conditions, due to the fact that the iris opens up to provide enough light to the sensor.

Find out more at axis.com/learning/web-articles/lenses-for-network-video-cameras.

Focus and light sensitivity

The focus point is affected by the aperture (f-stop) of the lens. The lower the f-stop value, the more light reaches the image sensor. The smaller the aperture, the deeper depth of field which may lead to an unwanted absolute focus point. During low light conditions, when the aperture is as large as possible, the depth of field decreases and the image may therefore appear unfocused.

Examples of apertures for different f-numbers.

To calculate the distance between the camera and the object of interest in relation to scene dimensions, resolution, and focal length, use the lens calculator tool, go to axis.com/tools/lens-calculator.

Long-distance connections

  • This product supports fiber-optic cable installations through a media converter. Fiber-optic cable installations offer a number of benefits such as:
  • Long-distance connection

  • High speed

  • Long lifetime

  • Large capacity of data transmission

  • Electromagnetic interference immunity

Find out more about fiber-optic cable installations in the white paper “Long distance surveillance - Fiber-optic communication in network video” at axis.com/learning/white-papers.

For information about how to install the media converter see the Installation Guide for this product.

View area

A view area is a cropped part of the full view. You can stream and store view areas instead of the full view to minimize bandwidth and storage needs. If you enable PTZ for a view area, you can pan, tilt and zoom within it. By using view areas you can remove parts of the full view, for example, the sky.

When you set up a view area, we recommend you to set the video stream resolution to the same size as or smaller than the view area size. If you set the video stream resolution larger than the view area size it implies digitally scaled up video after sensor capture, which requires more bandwidth without adding image information.

Capture modes

A capture mode is a preset configuration that defines how the camera captures images. The capture mode setting can affect the camera’s field of view and aspect ratio. The shutter speed can also be affected, which in turn affects the light sensitivity.

The lower resolution capture mode might be sampled from the original resolution, or it might be cropped out from the original, in which case the field of view could also be affected.

The image shows how the field of view and aspect ratio can change between two different capture modes.

What capture mode to choose depends on the requirements for the frame rate and resolution of the specific surveillance setup. For specifications about available capture modes, see the product’s datasheet at axis.com.

Remote focus and zoom

The remote focus and zoom functionality allows you to make focus and zoom adjustments to your camera from a computer. It is a convenient way to ensure that the scene’s focus, viewing angle and resolution are optimized without having to visit the camera’s installation location.

Privacy masks

A privacy mask is a user-defined area that prevents users from viewing a part of the monitored area. In the video stream, privacy masks appear as blocks of solid color.

You’ll see the privacy mask on all snapshots, recorded video, and live streams.

You can use the VAPIX® application programming interface (API) to hide the privacy masks.


If you use multiple privacy masks it may affect the product’s performance.

You can create several privacy masks. Each mask can have 3 to 10 anchor points.


Set the zoom and focus before you create a privacy mask.


Overlays are superimposed over the video stream. They are used to provide extra information during recordings, such as a timestamp, or during product installation and configuration. You can add either text or an image.

Streaming and storage

Video compression formats

Decide which compression method to use based on your viewing requirements, and on the properties of your network. The available options are:

Motion JPEG

Motion JPEG, or MJPEG, is a digital video sequence that is made up of a series of individual JPEG images. These images are then displayed and updated at a rate sufficient to create a stream that shows constantly updated motion. For the viewer to perceive motion video the rate must be at least 16 image frames per second. Full motion video is perceived at 30 (NTSC) or 25 (PAL) frames per second.

The Motion JPEG stream uses considerable amounts of bandwidth, but provides excellent image quality and access to every image contained in the stream.

H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10/AVC


H.264 is a licensed technology. The Axis product includes one H.264 viewing client license. To install additional unlicensed copies of the client is prohibited. To purchase additional licenses, contact your Axis reseller.

H.264 can, without compromising image quality, reduce the size of a digital video file by more than 80% compared to the Motion JPEG format and by as much as 50% compared to older MPEG formats. This means that less network bandwidth and storage space are required for a video file. Or seen another way, higher video quality can be achieved for a given bitrate.

How do Image, Stream, and Stream profile settings relate to each other?

The Image tab contains camera settings that affect all video streams from the product. If you change something in this tab, it immediately affects all video streams and recordings.

The Stream tab contains settings for video streams. You get these settings if you request a video stream from the product and don’t specify for example resolution, or frame rate. When you change the settings in the Stream tab, it doesn’t affect ongoing streams, but it will take effect when you start a new stream.

The Stream profiles settings override the settings from the Stream tab. If you request a stream with a specific stream profile, the stream contains the settings of that profile. If you request a stream without specifying a stream profile, or request a stream profile that doesn't exist in the product, the stream contains the settings from the Stream tab.

Bitrate control

Bitrate control helps you to manage the bandwidth consumption of your video stream.

Variable bitrate (VBR)
Variable bitrate allows the bandwidth consumption to vary depending on the level of activity in the scene. The more activity, the more bandwidth you need. With variable bitrate you are guaranteed constant image quality, but you need to make sure you have storage margins.

Maximum bitrate (MBR)
Maximum bitrate lets you set a target bitrate to handle bitrate limitations in your system. You might see a decline in image quality or frame rate as the instantaneous bitrate is kept below the specified target bitrate. You can choose to prioritize either image quality or frame rate. We recommend that you configure the target bitrate to a higher value than the expected bitrate. This gives you a margin in case there is a high level of activity in the scene.

  1. Target bitrate

Average bitrate (ABR)
With average bitrate, the bitrate is automatically adjusted over a longer period of time. This is so you can meet the specified target and provide the best video quality based on your available storage. Bitrate is higher in scenes with a lot of activity, compared to static scenes. You are more likely to get better image quality when in scenes with a lot of activity if you use the average bitrate option. You can define the total storage required to store the video stream for a specified amount of time (retention time) when image quality is adjusted to meet the specified target bitrate. Specify the average bitrate settings in one of the following ways:

  • To calculate the estimated storage need, set the target bitrate and the retention time.

  • To calculate the average bitrate, based on available storage and required retention time, use the target bitrate calculator.

    1. Target bitrate
    2. Actual average bitrate
  • You can also turn on maximum bitrate and specify a target bitrate within the average bitrate option.
    1. Target bitrate
    2. Actual average bitrate


With applications, you can get more out of your Axis device. AXIS Camera Application Platform (ACAP) is an open platform that makes it possible for third parties to develop analytics and other applications for Axis devices. Applications can be preinstalled on the device, available for download for free, or for a license fee.

To find the user manuals for Axis applications, go to help.axis.com.

  • We recommended running one application at a time.
  • Avoid running applications when the built-in motion detection is active.


Signed firmware

Signed firmware is implemented by the software vendor signing the firmware image with a private key. When a firmware has this signature attached to it, a device will validate the firmware before accepting to install it. If the device detects that the firmware integrity is compromised, the firmware upgrade will be rejected.

To learn more about the cybersecurity features in Axis devices, go to axis.com/learning/white-papers and search for cybersecurity.


Product overview

  1. Status LED indicator
  2. Lens
  3. Network connector (PoE)
  4. Control button (1)
  5. Function button (2)
  6. microSD Card slot
  7. Audio in
  8. Audio out
  9. I/O connector
  10. Iris connector
  11. Power connector
  12. Power LED indicator
  13. Network LED indicator
  14. RS485/RS422 connector

LED Indicators

  • The Status LED can be configured to be unlit during normal operation. To configure, go to Settings > System > Plain config.
  • The Status LED can be configured to flash while an event is active.
Status LEDIndication

Steady green for normal operation.


Steady during startup. Flashes when restoring settings.


The Network LED can be disabled so that it does not flash when there is network traffic. To configure, go to Settings > System > Plain config.

Network LEDIndication

Steady for connection to a 100 Mbit/s network. Flashes for network activity.


Steady for connection to a 10 Mbit/s network. Flashes for network activity.

UnlitNo network connection.

The Power LED can be configured to be unlit during normal operation. To configure, go to Settings > System > Plain config.

Power LEDIndication
GreenNormal operation.
AmberFlashes green/amber during firmware upgrade.

Status LED behavior for focus assistant


Only valid for optional P-iris, DC-iris or manual iris lenses.

The status LED flashes when the Focus Assistant is active.

RedThe image is out of focus.
Adjust the lens.
AmberThe image is close to focus.
The lens needs fine tuning.
GreenThe image is in focus.

Buzzer signal for focus assistant


Only valid for optional P-iris, DC-iris or manual iris lenses.

Fast intervalOptimally adjusted
Medium intervalLess optimally adjusted
Slow intervalPoorly adjusted

Status LED behavior and buzzer signal for leveling assistant

For information on the function button used for leveling the camera, see Buttons.

ColorBuzzerCamera position
Fixed greenContinuous beepLevel
Flashing greenFast beepsAlmost level
Flashing orangeMedium beepsNot level
Flashing redSlow beepsFar from level

SD card slot

  • Risk of damage to SD card. Don’t use sharp tools, metal objects, or excessive force when inserting or removing the SD card. Use your fingers to insert and remove the card.
  • Risk of data loss and corrupted recordings. Unmount the SD card from the device’s web interface before removing it. Don’t remove the SD card while the product is running.

This device supports microSD/microSDHC/microSDXC cards.

For SD card recommendations, see axis.com.

microSD, microSDHC, and microSDXC Logos are trademarks of SD-3C LLC. microSD, microSDHC, microSDXC are trademarks or registered trademarks of SD-3C, LLC in the United States, other countries or both.


Control button

Function button


Focus assistant is only valid for optional P-iris, DC-iris or manual iris lenses.

Use the function button to activate the following functions:

Leveling assistant –
This function helps to make sure the camera is level. To start the leveling assistant, press the button for about 3 seconds. Press again to stop the leveling assistant. The status LED and buzzer signal assist leveling of the camera, see . The camera is level when the buzzer beeps continuously.
Focus assistant –
This function is used for enabling the focus assistant. To enable the focus assistant, press and very quickly release the button. Press again to stop the focus assistant. To find out more, see the Installation Guide.


Network connector

RJ45 Ethernet connector with Power over Ethernet (PoE).

Audio connector

  • Audio in – 3.5 mm input for a mono microphone, or a line-in mono signal (left channel is used from a stereo signal).

  • Audio out – 3.5 mm output for audio (line level) that can be connected to a public address (PA) system or an active speaker with a built-in amplifier. A stereo connector must be used for audio out.

Audio input

1 Tip2 Ring3 Sleeve

Balanced microphone (with or without phantom power) or line, “hot” signal

Balanced microphone (with or without phantom power) or line, “cold” signal


Audio output

1 Tip2 Ring3 Sleeve

Channel 1, unbalanced line, mono

Channel 1, unbalanced line, mono


The internal microphone is used by default; the external microphone is used when connected. You can disable the internal microphone by connecting a plug to the microphone input.

I/O connector

Use the I/O connector with external devices in combination with, for example, motion detection, event triggering, and alarm notifications. In addition to the 0 V DC reference point and power (12 V DC output), the I/O connector provides the interface to:

Digital input –
For connecting devices that can toggle between an open and closed circuit, for example PIR sensors, door/window contacts, and glass break detectors.
Digital output –
For connecting external devices such as relays and LEDs. Connected devices can be activated by the VAPIX® Application Programming Interface, through an event or from the device’s web interface.

6-pin terminal block

DC ground10 V DC
DC output2Can be used to power auxiliary equipment.
Note: This pin can only be used as power out.
12 V DC
Max load = 50 mA
Configurable (Input or Output)3–6Digital input – Connect to pin 1 to activate, or leave floating (unconnected) to deactivate.0 to max 30 V DC
Digital output – Internally connected to pin 1 (DC ground) when active, and floating (unconnected) when inactive. If used with an inductive load, e.g., a relay, connect a diode in parallel with the load, to protect against voltage transients.0 to max 30 V DC, open drain, 100 mA
  1. DC ground
  2. DC output 12 V, max 50 mA
  3. I/O configured as input
  4. I/O configured as output
  5. Configurable I/O
  6. Configurable I/O

Power connector

2-pin terminal block for DC power input. Use a Safety Extra Low Voltage (SELV) compliant limited power source (LPS) with either a rated output power limited to ≤100 W or a rated output current limited to ≤5 A.

RS485/RS422 connector

Two 2-pin terminal blocks for RS485/RS422 serial interface.

The serial port can be configured to support:

  • Two-wire RS485 half duplex

  • Four-wire RS485 full duplex

  • Two-wire RS422 simplex

  • Four-wire RS422 full duplex point to point communication

RS485B alt RS485/422 RX(B)1RX pair for all modes (combined RX/TX for 2-wire RS485)
RS485A alt RS485/422 RX(A)2
RS485/RS422 TX(B)3TX pair for RS422 and 4-wire RS485
RS485/RS422 TX(A)4

The maximum cable length is 30 m (98 ft).


Reset to factory default settings


Reset to factory default should be used with caution. A reset to factory default resets all settings, including the IP address, to the factory default values.

To reset the product to the factory default settings:

  1. Disconnect power from the product.

  2. Press and hold the control button while reconnecting power. See Product overview.

  3. Keep the control button pressed for 15–30 seconds until the status LED indicator flashes amber.

  4. Release the control button. The process is complete when the status LED indicator turns green. The product has been reset to the factory default settings. If no DHCP server is available on the network, the default IP address is

  5. Use the installation and management software tools to assign an IP address, set the password, and access the device.

    The installation and management software tools are available from the support pages on axis.com/support.

You can also reset parameters to factory default through the device’s web interface. Go to Maintenance > Factory default and click Default.

Check the current firmware version

Firmware is the software that determines the functionality of network devices. When you troubleshoot a problem, we recommend you to start by checking the current firmware version. The latest firmware version might contain a correction that fixes your particular problem.

To check the current firmware:

  1. Go to the device’s web interface > Status.

  2. See the firmware version under Device info.

Upgrade the firmware

  • Preconfigured and customized settings are saved when you upgrade the firmware (provided that the features are available in the new firmware) although this is not guaranteed by Axis Communications AB.
  • Make sure the device remains connected to the power source throughout the upgrade process.

When you upgrade the device with the latest firmware in the active track, the product receives the latest functionality available. Always read the upgrade instructions and release notes available with each new release before you upgrade the firmware. To find the latest firmware and the release notes, go to axis.com/support/device-software.

  1. Download the firmware file to your computer, available free of charge at axis.com/support/device-software.

  2. Log in to the device as an administrator.

  3. Go to Maintenance > Firmware upgrade and click Upgrade.

  4. When the upgrade has finished, the product restarts automatically.

You can use AXIS Device Manager to upgrade multiple devices at the same time. Find out more at axis.com/products/axis-device-manager.

Technical issues, clues, and solutions

If you can’t find what you’re looking for here, try the troubleshooting section at axis.com/support.

Problems upgrading the firmware

Firmware upgrade failure

If the firmware upgrade fails, the device reloads the previous firmware. The most common reason is that the wrong firmware file has been uploaded. Check that the name of the firmware file corresponds to your device and try again.

Problems after firmware upgrade

If you experience problems after a firmware upgrade, roll back to the previously installed version from the Maintenance page.

Problems setting the IP address

The device is located on a different subnet

If the IP address intended for the device and the IP address of the computer used to access the device are located on different subnets, you cannot set the IP address. Contact your network administrator to obtain an IP address.

The IP address is being used by another device

Disconnect the Axis device from the network. Run the ping command (in a Command/DOS window, type ping and the IP address of the device):

  • If you receive: Reply from <IP address>: bytes=32; time=10... this means that the IP address may already be in use by another device on the network. Obtain a new IP address from the network administrator and reinstall the device.

  • If you receive: Request timed out, this means that the IP address is available for use with the Axis device. Check all cabling and reinstall the device.

Possible IP address conflict with another device on the same subnet

The static IP address in the Axis device is used before the DHCP server sets a dynamic address. This means that if the same default static IP address is also used by another device, there may be problems accessing the device.

The device can’t be accessed from a browser

Can’t log in

When HTTPS is enabled, ensure that the correct protocol (HTTP or HTTPS) is used when attempting to log in. You may need to manually type http or https in the browser’s address field.

If the password for the root account is lost, the device must be reset to the factory default settings. See Reset to factory default settings.

The IP address has been changed by DHCP

IP addresses obtained from a DHCP server are dynamic and may change. If the IP address has been changed, use AXIS IP Utility or AXIS Device Manager to locate the device on the network. Identify the device using its model or serial number, or by the DNS name (if the name has been configured).

If required, a static IP address can be assigned manually. For instructions, go to axis.com/support.

Certificate error when using IEEE 802.1X

For authentication to work properly, the date and time settings in the Axis device must be synchronized with an NTP server. Go to System > Date and time.

The device is accessible locally but not externally

To access the device externally, we recommend you to use one of the following applications for Windows®:

  • AXIS Companion: free of charge, ideal for small systems with basic surveillance needs.

  • AXIS Camera Station: 30-day trial version free of charge, ideal for small to mid-size systems.

For instructions and download, go to axis.com/vms.

Problems with streaming

Multicast H.264 only accessible by local clients

Check if your router supports multicasting, or if you need to configure the router settings between the client and the device. You might need to increase the TTL (Time To Live) value.

No multicast H.264 displayed in the client

Check with your network administrator that the multicast addresses used by the Axis device are valid for your network.

Check with your network administrator to see if there is a firewall that prevents viewing.

Poor rendering of H.264 images

Ensure that your graphics card uses the latest driver. You can usually download the latest drivers from the manufacturer’s website.

Color saturation is different in H.264 and Motion JPEG

Modify the settings for your graphics adapter. Go to the adapter’s documentation for more information.

Lower frame rate than expected

  • See Performance considerations.

  • Reduce the number of applications running on the client computer.

  • Limit the number of simultaneous viewers.

  • Check with the network administrator that there is enough bandwidth available.

  • Lower the image resolution.

  • Log in to the device’s web interface and set a capture mode that prioritizes frame rate. If you change the capture mode to prioritize frame rate it might lower the maximum resolution, depending on the device used and capture modes available.

  • The maximum frames per second is dependent on the utility frequency (60/50 Hz) of the Axis device.

Can’t connect over port 8883 with MQTT over SSL

The firewall blocks traffic using port 8883 as it’s deemed insecure.

In some cases the server/broker might not provide a specific port for MQTT communication. It may still be possible to use MQTT over a port normally used for HTTP/HTTPS traffic.

  • If the server/broker supports WebSocket/WebSocket Secure (WS/WSS), typically on port 443, use this protocol instead. Check with the server/broker provider to see if WS/WSS is supported and which port and basepath to use.

  • If the server/broker supports ALPN, the use of MQTT can be negotiated over an open port, such as 443. Check with your server/broker provider to see if ALPN is supported and which ALPN protocol and port to use.

Performance considerations

When setting up your system, it is important to consider how various settings and situations affect the performance. Some factors affect the amount of bandwidth (the bitrate) required, others can affect the frame rate, and some affect both. If the load on the CPU reaches its maximum, this also affects the frame rate.

The following factors are the most important to consider:

  • High image resolution or lower compression levels result in images containing more data which in turn affects the bandwidth.

  • Rotating the image in the GUI can increase the product's CPU load.

  • Access by large numbers of Motion JPEG or unicast H.264 clients affects the bandwidth.

  • Simultaneous viewing of different streams (resolution, compression) by different clients affects both frame rate and bandwidth.

    Use identical streams wherever possible to maintain a high frame rate. Stream profiles can be used to ensure that streams are identical.

  • Accessing Motion JPEG and H.264 video streams simultaneously affects both frame rate and bandwidth.

  • Heavy usage of event settings affects the product’s CPU load which in turn affects the frame rate.

  • Using HTTPS may reduce frame rate, in particular if streaming Motion JPEG.

  • Heavy network utilization due to poor infrastructure affects the bandwidth.

  • Viewing on poorly performing client computers lowers perceived performance and affects frame rate.

  • Running multiple AXIS Camera Application Platform (ACAP) applications simultaneously may affect the frame rate and the general performance.